i

NUMBER 1

VOL. XXXVII. i

I /gfer [P53131L0©[r]E® SY TKIE^^r^

4 ORANGE JUDO COMPANY!

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1878.]

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A Book for the Fireside in the

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The Farm -Yard Glib of Jotham.

An Aceosmt of the Families and Farms of that Famous Town.

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SEVEN VOLUMES NOW READY.

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Being a reprint on larger, finer and heavier paper, ol the very valuable articles in every department of Rural Econo¬ my. which have heretofore appeared in annual numbers, from 1855 to ISo, inclusive, under the tiile of the Annual Register of Rural Affairs. These volumes contain about &l ) pages each, or over Twenty- Three Hundred Pages in all. of reading matter, and are illustrated with more than Three Thousand Engravings , a large part of them from drawings and designs made expressly for .the purpose. A brief Ab¬ stract of the Contents of the several Volumes is subjoined, although necessarily so compressed as to convey hut a very incomplete idea of the number and variety of the topics em¬ braced, and the concise and practical manner in which they are treated :

VOLUME ONE.

FOUR HUNDRED AND FORTY ILLUSTRATIONS. -

Country Dwellings.— Laying Out Grounds.— What Fruits to ( boose. Domestic' Animals. Emit Culture. Farm Buildings.— Farm Implements.— Blitter and Cheese Mak i n g. 1 1 u ral Economy.— Rustic Seats and Structures.— School Houses. weights and Measures. Domestic Economy.

VOLUME TWO

FOUR HUNDRED AND FIFTY ILLUSTRATIONS.

A Comnlete Country Residence.— Country Houses. Fruits an i Fnrt Culture.— Flower an l Kitchen Garden.— Farm Buildings —Farm Management.— Farm Fences and < bites. —Domestic Animals.— Nursery Lists.— Ornamental Blunt¬ ing.— Implements of Tillage.— Other New Implements.— Rural and Domestic Economy

VOLUME THREE.

FOUR HUNDRED AND FORTY ILLUSTRATIONS.

Workingnum's Cott: ges Grounds and Greenhouses.— Farm Buildings. Architecture. l-arm Husbandry.— Weeds and Grasses.— Practical Entomology.— Fruits and Fruit Culture.— Flowers.— Vegetable Physiology.— Do¬ mestic Animals— The Dairy.— The Poultry Yard. '

VOLUME FOUR.

The Farm-Yard Club of Jotham, an Account of the Fami¬ lies and Farms oi that Famous Town, so happily combines the information wliich both the amateur and the professional farmer need, with the charms of individual experience and characterization, that it will please a great variety of tastes. The number and excellence of the illustrations deserve spe¬ cial mention, the designs being tastefully conceived and skillfully executed, and having, moreover, a peculiar ap¬ propriateness.— Globe, Boston, Mass.

Dr. Loring has given us a book which is at once cyclopedic in its information, entertaining for its wit and humor, and interesting as a story, for the bright thread of real life and love that runs through it Golden Rule.

Octavo, 603 pages, with 70 Illustrations of Characters, Coun¬ try Scenes. Farm Animals, and Implements, byChampnev, Rose, Lathrop, Forbes, and others. Price, post-paid, $3.50.

The Poultry Yard anfl Met;

OR,

A Practical Treatise on Gallocaltnre.

By Prof. A. Corbett,

Inventor ol the N.ewlToeess-for Hatching Jiggs and Raising Poultry, by means of Horse Manure alone, for which Gold and Bronze Medals, and several Diplomas, have been award¬ ed by State and County Fairs, and the American Institute.

CONTENTS.

The artificial incubation of the past and present.— Re¬ searches and success with tiie use of horse-manure.— The sort ol manure. How to use it. the best breed to Keep. Diseased feet in chickens.— Infectious water for chickens.— How liens sit only six days.— How to see whether eggs are fertilized— How twenty dollars profit can he obtained from each lien. Advice to the ladies about raising poultry. How to establish a poultry-yard. Practical rules for making money. -IIow to Help chickens out of the shell.— Cooked lood for poultry.— How to keep the chickens growing.— Treatment of liens that cat eggs.— The number of liens to a rooster.— How t.o keep eggs for winter.— How to fatten and dress poultry for market.— Diseases and their cure.

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THRICE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY ILLUSTRATIONS.

Farm Work.— Orchard and Nursery.— Kitchen and Flower Garden and Greenhouse: Road Making.— Cheese Dairy¬ ing.— Entomology.— Country Homes.— Pruning. Poiil- trv.— Fruits and Flowers. Domestic Economy.— Do¬ mestic Animals.— Implements and Inventions.— Wood¬ lands.

VOLUME FIVE.

FOUR HUNDRED ILLUSTRATIONS.

Grape Culture. —Milk Farming.— The Duck.— Turnips and their Culture.— Garden Insects.— Reapers and Mowers Rotation of Crops.— Small Fruits.— Shrubs.— Labor Sav¬ ing Contrivances. Vermin.— Wheat.— Hedges.— Pota¬ toes.— Rural Improvements, Fruits. Strawberries. Flowering Plants.

VOLUME SIX.

FOUR HUNDRED AND FORTY ILLUSTRATIONS.

Culture of Indian Corn.— Draining, Fencing and Wall Mak¬ ing.— Measuring and Mapping Farms.— Town and Coun¬ try Roads.— Farm Buildings. Cult lire of the Carrot.— Destructive Insects.— Plowing without Dead Furrows.— Weed Hooks and Chains in Plowing. Plowing with Three Horses. Fruit Culture.— Cheese Making.— Hay .Making by Machinery.— Implements and Machines.— Or¬ namental Planting.— Domestic Economy.— Miscellaneous Papers.— The Farmer’s Register.

VOLUME SEVEN.

FOUR HUNDRED AND SEVENTY ILLUSTRATIONS.

Laying Out Home Grounds.— Cooking Food for Animals.— The Great Sale of the Century. The Circle of Fruits. J I oiises of Mod (>rate Co a.— Construction of Greenhouses. Barns for Different Purposes. Piggeries and Pig Rais¬ ing-Cranberry culture in New .Jersey.— Small Fruit Culture for Profit-.— Ornamental Plants. Pigeons, Man¬ agement and Varieties. Tying Knots.— Accidents and Emergencies. Market Gardening for Profit. Sug¬ gestions in Dural Economy,— Miscellaneous Papers.— The Farmer’s Register.

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THE

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FOR THE

Farm, Garden, and Household.

"Agriculture is the most Healthful, the most Useful, the most Noble Employment of Man,”— Washington.

VOLUME THIRTY-SEVEN-— FOR THE YEAR 1878.

SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION WASHINGTON 25, D.G.

NEW-YORK :

PUBLISHED BY ORANGE JUDD COMPANY,

245 BROADWAY,

MMTEM1

TMUlf Y-§!E¥

g3T“ The stars (*) in the follow¬ ing Index show where engravings occur. Articles referring directly or indirectly to Cattle , Flowers, Poultry . Insects. Manures, Trees, Weeds, etc., will be found indexed under these general heads.

Accounts, About Keeping, 23 Farm, S15-*466.

Advertising Agencies . 206

Agricultural College, Best, 316 Congress, “National,” 394— Jour¬ nal in Japan. 128— Produce, Ex¬ ports, 129.

Agriculture, Department of . 316

Alfalfa in New Brunswick . 234

Alligator Plant,” Swindle . 169

Alsike Clover . 273

Among the Farmers 14-54-94-134- 174-214-254-294-334-374-414-462.

Analysis of Soil . 246

Animals, Estimating Weight of, 246 —Treatment of Ailing, 334.

Anvil and Vise, Combined....*.. 96

“Apple Sass . 75

Apples from North Carolina, 394- Rot on Trees, 8—10,500 Barrels for England, 454.

Appointment, A Good. . 206

Apprentices, Farm . 75

Arithmetic Beginning . 23

Artichokes " Brazilian . 89

Artichokes for Hog-Feed . 327

Ashes and Coal Tar, 8— Effect of 194 Unleact.ed, 394 Value of Leached, 219— When to Use, 242.

Asparagus, Fine . 315

Associations, Sportsmen’s . 274

Axle. Rubber-Cushioned . 402

B

Bag-Holder . . . 134

Barley, Pasturing Hogs on, 407— Plowing for, 372— Two and Six- Bowed, 95.

Barn. A Tennessee *465— A Wiscon¬ sin, *179 Cost of Dairy, 407- Large and Complete, *340— Orange Co., *218.

Barns, Without Beams . *., 98

Barrack, Straw or Fodder _ *..25c

Basket, Home-Made . *.. 24

Bean-Planter . 95-167

Bean-Weevils . 246

Beans, Experiments with 171- Growing, 129— Horse, 291— Plant¬ ing, 49-153.

Bed-Clothes in Summer . 184

Bee Culture, The A B C of, 6— Keepers’ Convention, 332— Notes— Jan., 9 ; Feb., 49 ; March, 90 ; April, 130; May, *169; June, 209; July, *249; Aug., 289 ; Sept , ‘329 ; Oct., 370.

Bee-Stings, Curing . 481

Beet-Sugar . 175

lleet-Sugar Question . 218

Beets, Sugar . 274

Belts, Driving, Machines . 220

Benzine, Caution . 40s

Bins, Grain . *. .216

Bird, Food for Mocking . 456

Birds, European Sparrow . 178

Birds, House Decorations _ 362

Blackberry Pruner . *..102

Blackberries, Among the . 222

Blackberries in Indiana . 383

Blackboard, Sunday-School . 75

Blacking-Sponge . 265

Bleaching, About . 316

Blossoms, Fruit, A Show of . 223

Blue-Devils . 314

Boat, A Cheap . 367

Bone-Ash and Black . 314

Bones, Grinding, 89 on Dairy Farms, 99— Preparation of, 314- Selling or Using, 208.

Book— A Manual of Georgia, 353— American Berkshire Record. 207— Ayrshire Record, 482-Devon Herd Book. 274 Dog and its Manage¬ ment, 483— Ferns in their Homes and Ours, 327— Food from the Far West, 282— From Dark to Dawn, 482 —Gardening for Pleasure, 86 —Gardening for Profit, 86— Good Dinner f a- Four Cents, 455-Graft¬ ing and Budding, 282 Guernsey Herd. 455— High Farming Without Manure, 168— House Drainage and Water Service. 282— House-Plans for Everybody, 327-362— “How We Raised the Baby.” 282— Index to N. Amer. Plants, 209 Lessons in Cookery, 435— Manual of the Api¬ ary, 327— Medical Register, 315- North Amer. Ayrshire Register, 367—100 Architectural Designs, 274 —on Swine, 113— Poultry World, 282— Practical Floriculture. 454— Specifications for Building, 482— Stewart’s Shepherd’s Manual, 167 -282-455 Stock Breeding, 456- Talks about Manures, 248— Talks on Manures, 328— Tree-Planting, Economic. 167— 25c. Dinners for Six, 402— Upland Game Birds and Water Fowl of the U. S„ 48— Vege¬ table Plants, 127— Veterinary Ob¬ stetrics, 207— Winter Greeneries at Home, 24S-328— Barry’s Fruit Garden, 86 Book-keeping, 49 Breck’s New Book of Flowers, 128 —For Poultrymen, 87— For Shep¬ herds, 49 14,000 New. 314— Harris' Insects Injurious to Vegetation 242 Poultry Literature, 209 Poultry Raising, 167— Sportsman’s Library, 282.

Books for a Library . 450

Books, New School . 482

Bouquets, Grasses, etc.. Winter.. 342 Box, Wood, Portable Folding. .*265

Bovs’ and Girls’ Columns.

Air, What Composed of, 475- Alligator Skins, Tanned, 27- Animals, Parasitic, 267— Aunt Sue, About, 427— Aunt Sue’s Chats, *27-*66-*105*-*145-*185- *227-S06-*346-387 - Aunt Sue’s Puzzle-Box, *26-*67-106-l 47-186 226-266 306-346-3*7-427 WJ4— Aunt Polly’s Visit to the City, 346 Bandoline, French Hair-dress¬ ing, 67 Bee, Honey, Mouth Parts, 226 Tongue, *226 Birds, About some Common, *428 About some Curious, *228— Bower Birds, *228— Com¬ mon or Native, *268— Garden¬ er, * 228 Raising Canaries, 105— Boys and Girls.The Doc¬ tor to, 306— Braid, How to Make, *27 Bryant, About Great Men, *307— Canada Bal¬ sam. Mounting In, 226— Card- Basket, *185 Board - W’ork, How to Make, 185— Chemis¬ try, Brief Lesson in, 475 Chimney-Sweeper, The Little, *67— Crackers, How to Make, 67— Cushion. A Crazy,” *387 —Discovery, A Very Curious, 305— Doctor’s Correspondence, *25 - *186-*265 - *475 Drawing, About Learning, 25— Eel-Pot, Easily Made, ‘147— Electricity, One Kind of *227— Fern, Pic¬ tures and Bouquets, 346— What is a, *345— Fine Things Easily Obtained Free, 426- Frog, The Wood, *25— Fungi on Leaves, *475— The Phyllox¬ era, * 225— Gardeners, Little, *188 Gorilla P. Ongo, Esq.. *28 Grape-Vine Stems or Canes. *386 Induction, Re¬ collect About, 227 Insects, Aphis, Woolly, * 345— Entire, Some Small, 267 Eyes or Many, *226— Fly’s-foot, Com¬ mon. *226 Leaf-Galls, *225— Mealy Bug, *345— One of our Largest, *307— Red Spider, * 225— “Seed Cups,” *305— Spit¬ tle, *305 The “American Blight,” 345 Louse, The “Hen, ”*225— Tomato” Worm,’ ' or Caterpillar, 267— Vorticella, *187 Water-flea, *187 Ivy Grown in the House, 305 Lichen, Flat and Coral, *386— Marbles In-door Game with, ‘105— Microphone, The, 266— Microscopist’s, Young, Club *25-*66-*106-*146-*187-* 225-*267 *305-*345-*386-* 427- *474 Mir¬ rors. Concealed, * 26— Mite, Parasitic, *267 Moss, Com¬ mon, *386— Mushrooms, '427- Objects, About Mounting. 226 -267 Picture-Frame, Shuck, *66— Pigeons and their Houses, *266— Plants, Algae are Water, *474 Horse-Tails, 386 Cat- Tail, The Common, *386 Flowering. *386— Flowerless, *345-*386 - Parasitic. 267 - Po¬ tato-Beetle Parasite, 267— Put an End to, *267 Precious Stones, Symbolic Meaning, 27— Rag Show. A, 266— Seven Sleepers, 226 Shawl-Cover,

* 226 Shell-Frame, How to Make, 27— Shirt-Bosoms, Pol¬ ishing, 185— Skating, Learning, *108 Sleigh, A Little, ‘26- Snow Crystals, *474— Shoes, * 476 Spring-Scene in Mary¬ land, *148 Spruce -Wood Work, *426— Stores, Laying in, 385— Sugar.Some Items About, 474— Sunday School Lessons, International, 347— Talking at a Distance, *347— Telephone, * 186— About the, *227— How to Use, *265— Telescope, a Pene¬ trating, *26— Tim’s Kit, *348— Tobogganing in Canada, •476- Transfer. How to Do It, 26- Turtle. Green, How Caught, * 387— Washing oil's MonunFStit, 347— Water-Fowl, Our-Nati’te,'’ *348— Wheat, Where Does. Jt Go, * 27 Winter Ways and Sports, *475.

Boys on the Farm . 464

Bread, Mixing without Salt, 424— Spoiled, 24— What to Eat with, 104

Breeder, Who is the . 193

Breeding, Success in . 419 i

Bridge, Cheap Suspension . *. .259 !

Bridge, Foot, Simple . *..177

Brush, Cutting in Winter . 254

Bryant, Wm. Cullen, Death of. ..275

Buckwheat . 257

Buckwheat, Seeding with . 89

Bud Variation . 263

Burn-Heap, The . 303

Business Men, Reliable . 206

Butter, A New Industry, 89— Bitter, 3132-Churning and Working, 374- Coloring, 166-315— Compound, 48- 170— Coolers, 264— Factories, 314— Gilt-edsred, 368— How Much Milk fora Pound, 207— Irish, 134— Large Yield of, 247— Moulds for, ‘97- Packing for Winter, 322— Stamps and Packages. * 337— Store, 435- Table. 167 Table for Working, *97— Worker, A New, *18 Button-lioles, Strong . 105

Cake, Good Corn and Flout . 46

Calclcake for Calsomining . 126

Calendar of Operations, 82-122-162- 202-243.

California, All About . 42

Canada Thistle . 315

Cancer Doctors, Let Alone . 242

Canvas, To Prevent Shrinking. .455 Carriage and Tool House . * 140

W

Castor Pomace . 96

Castrating, Directions for . 233

Cats vs. Rats and Mice . 339

Catsup, Tomato . '. _ 322

Cattle— And Horses Together, 316— Ayrshire Herd, 294— Ayrshires, 139 Belted,” 129— Bloat in, 408— Champion Fat Beast at Smith- field, 49— Cross of Shorthorns and West Highland, 47 Cure for Choked, 434— Choking or Bloat, Cure, * 419— Demand for Devon, 274-- Familiarity witli Children,

314— Feeding for Profit, 234— Fish as Food for, 459 Governmeutal Inspection, 14— Grade Jersey, 193 Health of, 179— Hereford Breed of, 59 Herefords in England. Sales of, 97— Hornless. 46S Herd¬ ing for Fun, 74 Is it Feed or Breed, 246-Jersey and Guernsey, 89 —Jersey and Ayrshire, Sale of, 88- Jersey-Ayrshire, * 833— Lean for Europe, 255— Marking the Horns ot, * S76— New Breeds of, 410 Nor¬ folk Polled, * 213— Price of Thor¬ oughbred, 275— Prices of Short¬ horns, 231— Red Durhams, 274- Sale ot Jerseys, 242— Sale of Jer¬ seys and Family, 126— Shorthorn, 254— Shorthorns and Durhams, 8— Soft or Hard Water for, 234— Tex¬ an, Decision of Supreme Court, 137— Tlie Guernsey, * 363— Treat¬ ment ol Hoove. 234— Treatment of Sick, 127 Value of Pedigree, 56 Value of Jerseys. 177— Value of Devon, 46— Sheds, * 337— Yards, Covered, * 137 Bulls— How to Control, 462— Ringer, * 18— Cay- How to Feed, 433 Red-water in a, 274— Calves How Many cm a Cow Raise, 234 Husk or Hoose in, 433— Young Dairy, Profitable, 410 Cow Form of a Milch 414- Garget, Treatment for, 356— Hard Lump in Teat, 315 Head ol a Shorthorn, * 13— Holding Back her Milk, 313-In Bad Condition, 394 —Indigestion in a, 435 Inflamma tion of Udder, 435 Jewel,” to Prevent from Sucking,*456— Leak¬ ing Milk, 49 Lost Teats maybe Recovered. 395 Milkers, 290 “Milkers,’ About the, 331 Self- Sucking, 456 Swelling on the Leg, 113-Teat, An Imperfect, 481— I umor on, 278 Udder, Malform¬ ed, 247— When her Milk is Good,

315 When She Comes in Season, 315 Yield of a Cross-bred, 315 Yoke for Sucking *379— Coles— Breacliiness in, 316— Cooking for Milch. 367 Eating Wood, Bones, etc., 363 Feeding Jersey, 895 Grades as Milkers, 295 Ground Feed for, 394 Jersey Cow. * 13 Large, 481— Lung M urraiu, 14— Pre¬ sent Value of, 15— Production of Best, 275— Tail. A Hollow. 234- Tail, Loss ot, 434— Tails, Cutting,

316— Tethering, * 298 Wintering on Meal Alone, 6— Heifer— Diure¬ sis in, 129 Halter Breaking. 374- Milk from a, 274— Norfolk Polled,

* 333 Preparing for Exhibition, 367 Pneumonia in, 402 Short¬ horn, * 133 Spayed, 483 Oxen, Treatment of, 248.

Cattle-Drive, The Texas . *..451

Celery, Keeping in Winter . 312

Cellar, A Well, * 465— Cementing a,

* 176— Walls, Concrete for, 235.

Cement, The Best . 407

Chains, Trace, Protection for _ 314

Chair, A Rustic . *..287

Channel Islands, Agriculture in

the, *323.

Charcoal Dust . 408

Charcoal— Kilns for Burning..*.. 464

Charities, One of the Best . 366

Cheese, American, Foreign De¬ mand, 49— Board of Trade, 207- Factory, A V ermont, *41— Fact ory in New Jersey, 235 Factory, The, *53— Making, *60-314-or But¬ ter— most Profitable ? 258

Cherry, The Dyehouse . 302

Chicken-Pox . 468

•Qljldren, Our, and the Wicked

Child fen, Underclothes for . 471

Christmas5 Decorations _ *424-*473

Churning, Easy. . . . 1,4 Ly . 88

Cider and Vinegar House'. _ *. .417

Circulars,Family,Improvements223

Cistern, Liquid Manure. . *. .137

Cistern without Stone or Brick.. 368 Cloth, Varnished, Substitute for Glass, 89.

Clover, Freezing out . 214

Clover, Plaster on . 162

Coal Mined in the World . 368

Color of Farm Buildings . 378

Colorado, Stock-Graziers in . 153

Comforters, Making . 424

Common Sense, Exercise of . 48

Compost Heap, His, 314— Lime, Salt and Ashes, 356— Salt in a 394. Composts; Too much Labor. ..418

Composting Dead Animals . 315

Convention, Shorthorn . 74

Conventions, Railroad . 315

Cookery, Economical Good . 482

Cord, What is a ? . 8

Corn, Abortive Ears In, 368 A Crab ’’for Shocking, *18— Among Rye, 274 and Clover on good Land, 135— Experiment with, 50- 91— Flat Cultivation, 194 for Fod¬ der, 294— for Fuel, 140— Keeping Unhusked, 314— Marker, A Useful, *180— Meal, 233— Meal and Cob, 134 —not Profitable, 294 Mixed, 456 —Pennsylvania, 235-368 Preserv¬ ing Green, 287 Sanford,” 275 Saving Seed, 407— Seed, Choosing, 454 Selecting Seed, 412— Sweet, An Enemy to, *422— S2-Rowed, 434. Corn-Fodder, A Great Crop. 54 Binding and Curing, 415— Cutting, 54— Sow Early, 335— Yield of, 49. Cotton Manufacture at the South,

207 Seed, Feeding, 273 Seed- Huller, 242.

Country, Our, Financially . 371

Cow-Pea, Southern . 113

Clothes-Line, Revolving . *. .104

Closet, A Barn . *..336

Clover in the South, 274— Seed Gath¬ erer, *296— Red, *103— What May be Sowed with, *102— White, *103.

Cranberries, Cultivation of . 194

. Cranberries, Culture . 282

Crazy Weed,” Animal Poison. *380

Cream, Setting . 208

Crop Reports, the Latest . 286

Crops Dependent upon- the Food Supply m the Soil, 250— Feeding Capacities, 291— Special, Insti uc- tions, 128.

Cultivator for Small Grains. ..*. .298

Cultivators, Various kinds ot . 274

“Currants” and Sultana Raisins. 74

Cuttings. Striking in Water . 23

Cyprus, Its Size . 368

Dairy Exhibition, Northwest, 7— Fair, International. 366— Farm, Arcy. near Paris, *413— Keeping a, 23 Light, Animal Odor, 455 Maid. Irish, 134 Neatness in. * 257— Products, Exports of, 414

Dairying, Prospect for . 242

Dairying, Western . 82

Dairymen's Association, N.Y. State, 51— The N. Western, 92.

Dandelion, Wild . 222

Day, Skipped a . 23

Decorations, House . 344

Deerfoot Farm . 434

Dessert, Simple Dishes . 21

Dinners, 25 Cent . . . 354

Diphtheria and Filth, 169— Reme- c.ies, 48— What to do for, 25.

Ditches, Draining . *.. 96

Ditches, Open . *. .18(1

Dog, Emasculate the, 299— Law in Connecticut, 178— Power, Endless Chain, 89— Useful Farm, * 293— The Hare-Indiim, * 93.

Dogs. Shepherd . *..293-411

Doughnuts, Raised . 224

Drain, A Cheap . *..136

Drain, Levelling the Bottom.. *..3s8

Draining and Cultivation . 135

Drawing-Li ssons at Home . 223

Dray, Stone. Light Power . *. .412

Dress. High Art and Woman’s. . .301

Ducks, Deformed . 481

Ducks How to Raise . 177

Dumplings, Apple, Steamed . 185

Earth-Closet, Dry Earth for.. .*. .224

Eclectic Manufacturing Co . 482

Ecraseur, Use of . . 483

Editors. Letters for . 126

Education, Agricultural . 287

Education. Compulsory . 368

Egg-Tester . *. .297

Eggs, Advice about, 145— and Fowls, Questions about, 74— May be Car¬ ried Safely, 394 Packing, 454 Packing for Winter, * 378— Pack¬ ing in Salt, 74 Spots In. 313 Value of, 274 What Proportion Hatch, 89.

English Farmers . 290

English Notes, Some . 290

Entomological Commission, U. S., 246-353.

Evaporation . 305

Evergreens for Small Places. .*. .21

Excursion, An Interesting . 282

Excursions, Benefit of . 244

Exhibition, American Institute. .316 Exhibitions, Utility of Dairy and Other, 51.

Experiment Farm, Amer. Agr., 86- *fel, 291.

Experiment Station, Conn... 205-242

Experiment Stations . 10

Experiments, Farm . 297

Experiments now Going on. ..*..251

Explanation, An . 242

Export of Farm Products In 1877..46 Exports and Imports, 322 Large, Continue, 406 Meat, Butter and Cheese, 128.

Eyes, Care of Children’s, 263— Save the, 394 and Nerves, Good and Steady, 74.

Fair, Florida State, 48 Interna¬ tional Dairy, 434-458 List, Our, 853-355 N. Y. State, 369— Orange County, The, 463.

Fairs, Agricultural, About, 463 Agricultural, At the, 462— Invita¬ tions to, 367.

Farm, How to Manage. 8— of S. M. & D. Wells, 294— Order, 330— Pro¬ duce, Prices of, 290.

Farm Experiments, Important, 85- 129-131.

Farms, Renting . 74

Farms, Visiting . 367

Farmers and Gardeners, Good News for Loffg Island, 87.

Farmer’s Clubs . 417

Farmer’s Club, Subjects for Discus¬ sion, 74.

Farmers, Raising . 353

Farming, Better, 1 62 Chances for 174 Changing from Nursery to Milk, 95— East, West, South, 457 —in California, 247 On Shares, 454 The Kind that Pays, 455.

Far West, Editorial Correspon¬ dence from, 410.

Far West, Editorial Correspondence from— Seminole Gold and Silver Mining Co. Game— Irrigation Fish Culture— Immigration Cli¬ mate, Crops, 458-9.

Feathers, Loss of . 273

Feed, Cooking . 274

Feed, Economy in Cutting . 235

Feed-Cooker, A Simple . *..217

Feed-Cutter, Advantages of . 322

Feed-liolder . 468

Feed-Iiacl; lor Sheep . *..407

Feed-Racks, for Yards or Fields * 257.

Feeding off before Plowing . 94

Feet, Care of Children’s . 224

Feet, Sore on Cows and Calves. . 46 Fence, Aids in Building, * 137- Chicken - Yard, 454 Portable Picket, * 96— Posts, Setting, * 465 —Staking a Rail, * 216.

Fencing, Wire for . 482

Figures, More Pleasant to Read. 460 Floors, Concrete, for Cow-Stablea, 456.

Fences, No need for Interior, 58- Patent, 273— Portable, * 259— Wa¬ ter, 370.

Ferry-Boat. A Small . . *..297

Figures, Very Gratifying . 331

Fire-Arms, Tlie Winchester . 206

Firewood, Cutting Large Logs for,

F’ish Interest. Importance of . 125

Fish-Ponds for Black Bass . 220

Flagg, Willard C., Death of . 168

Flax lor Seed . 126

Fleming, James, Death of . 315

Florida, Plain Facts about . 129

Flavors, Combinations of _ ..223

Flour, Fine and Graham, 3S3— Gra¬ ham, Why Use at all? 384— New Process, 314— Rye, 185. Flower-Garden and Lawn, Jail., 4 F'eb., 45 ; March, 84 ; April, * 124 May, 164; June, 294; July, 245 Aug., 235 ; Sept., 325; Oct., 304 Nov., 405 ; Dec., 453.

Flowers (See Plants), Alpine Plants

* 101— Aconite-Leaved Geranium,

* 300— A N ew Coleus, * 61— Canada Violet,* 261— Chinese Primroses, 48— “Cockatelle,” 22— Pink, Com¬ mon Moss, 222— Creeping Forget- me-not, * 101— Cyclamen ns Win¬ dow Plants. 47,) Fern-leaved Trumpet, * 62— Funkias or Day- Lilies, 383 Gladioluses. Fine, 362— Greig’s Tulip, *221— Halberd¬ leaved Rose Mallow, 383— Iris, Ibe- l'iryi, 222— Japan Iris, 303— Japan¬ ese Iris, 302— Lily, Slender-Leaved

* 182— Lilies, Crossing of, 63— Ma- cowan’s Flame,* 61— Native, and Ferns of U. S„ 246— Preserving Showy, 342— Ram an us Rose ol Ja¬ pan, 263— Scarlet Monkey, * 469- Scarlet Wind, * 101— Sea Catehfiv, *101— Sunflower, the Graceful, *469 —Swamp Rose Mallow, 383— Tlie Netted Iris, *221 Tropaiolums,

* 22 Violet, New Double White, *20— Wistaria, Fruiting. 223 —Wistaria, Second Flowering, 383

Fodder. Clover and Corn, 15— Value of Corn, 233— Crops, Which to Se¬ lect, 138.

Food, Value of Mixed . 49-153

Foreman. Raise him . 335

Forest Tree Planting— Seeds . 470

F’orestry and its Needs”. . 167

Fork, Stable, A Wooden . *..298

Fourth of July, How Celebrated.289

Fowl-Houses, Renovate the . 420

Fox, The Blue Arctic . *.. 93

Fringe-Tree, Virginian . 263

Frost, The . 2)6

Fruit-Box, Refrigerating . *. .422

Fruit-Garden, Jan., 4; Feb., 44; March, 84; April, 123; May, 163; June. 203; July, 244; Aug., 285; Sept., 325; Oct., 363; Nov., 404 ; Dec., 453.

Fruit Grower’s Society, Penn.. . . 6 Fruit Growing in California. . .340

F’ruit Growing in the U. S . 316

Fruit-Yard, Hens and Ducks in.. 219

F'ruits, Canning . 256

Fuel, Corn Stalks for... *..176 Fuel, Grass, Straw and Corn Stalks

* 377.

Furs, Novelty in . 75

Galvanic Chains, Belts, etc . 2

Garden Fence, A French . *..470

Garden Manual, .J. B. Root’s . 6

Gardening for Housekeeper. .*. .184

Gardens. Irrigating . 143

Gas-lime, Value of . . 234

Gasoline.. . 185

Gate-Latch, Convenient . *..455

Gate. A Useful, *219— For Separat¬ ing Stock, *18— Iron, Pattern for,

* 96— Useful Farm, * 57— Posts, *

* 256.

Gates. Patent . 895

German Farmer’s Svstem . 234

Gift Concert, Royal Dominion... 47

Glasnevin . 194

Glue. Scrap . 368

Goat, Angora, and its Uses, 394- Keeping for Profit, 136.

Goats, Angora, 315— Mistakes About 322— Number of Kids, 434.

Gold, Detecting . 316

Government Expenses, U. S . 368

Grain, Carried 1U00 Miles for 6 cts., 483— Drilling, *249— Ratio of Corn- Stalks to, 456— Receipts and Sales, 242- Shrinkage of , 8.

Grain-Bin, Convenient . * 180

Grain Bindei . 385

Grain-Drill, Will It Pay? . 75

Granaries, Hemlock for . 313

Grant, George, Death of . 207

Grape, Effect of Fertilizers, 260— “Highland,” New Hardy, *421— The Variegated, 74.

Grape-Vine, One . *142-*182-*222

Grape-Vines, Among the . 262

Grass, Eulalia Japonica, 363— For Montana Ter. 126— For Wet Mea¬ dow and Timber Land, 74— Orch¬ ard, How to Sow, 8— Quack, How to Kill, *29i)— The Pampas, 63— Variegated Eulalia Japonica. 3SS -Zebra-striped Eulalia, 383.

INDEX,

III

Grasses, Collecting, 342 Drying, 342— Named, 356 Grass-Family, The, 193.

Grass-Fields, Pasturing . 322

Grass Lands, Guano on . 455

Grasshopper, No Longer Feared, 411.

Grazing, Grass for Winter . 208

Green Crops for Cows . 176

Green Crops, Plowing Under. . . .235 Greenhouse and "Window Plants, Jan., 5— Feb.,45— March.85— April, 124— May, 164— June, 204— July, 245 —Aug., 285 Sept., 325— Oct., 364— Nov., 405— Dec., 453.

Grist-Mfll, Plan of . *..97

Ground-Nut, Apios tuberosa . 19

Guano, Bat . 322

Guns, Turner & Ross’ . 394

H

Hair, Banged . 424-425

Halter, A Strong . *..406

Ham, How to Glaze . 184

Hanging - Basket, With Ivy and Ferns, *24.

Harness, Home-made . 294

Harness, Preserve from Rats. . . .274 Harrow, Corn, *96 For All Work, * 296— Bradley, *19— Brush, ‘216- Disk, 215— Disk Again, 254— Slop¬ ing-tooth, *18.

Harvester, Corn . 234

Harvesters, Self-Binding . 256

Hay, Curing in Pits . 49

Hay-Carriage, Home-made *..339 Hay-Crop and How to Gather it *210

Hay-Fork Carriage . 167

Hay-Knives or Stack-Cutters . 54

Hay-Press, The Dodge . 2s3

Hay-Tedders . 274

Hedge-Guards . *..18

Hedge-Plant, Honey Locust _ 482

Hedge-Pruning . *. .316

Hedges, Pruning Evergreen _ 314

Henry, Prof., Death ot . 206

Hints for Work, Jan , 2— Feb., 42- March, 82 April, 122 -May, 162— June, 202— July, 245— Aug., 283- Sept., 324 Oct., 363 Nov., 403- Dec., 452.

Hints and Helps for Farmers, *18- *57-*96-*180-*216-*256-*336-*464.

Hitching PostB and Rings _ *..180

Hoe, For Levelling the Ground, *96

Hoeing, Early . . 255

Hoisting Apparatus . *..419

Hoisting Wheel . 356

Home Topics, 23-64-103-143-183-223- 263-303-343-383-123-171.

Homes— Building, 10— Making in the Wilderness, 303— Model, 435. Homesteads— Co-operation in Tak¬ ing . 303

Hone, What is a ? . 208

Honor Well Bestowed . 368

Hops . 291

Horse— American Roadsters, *213— Big Head,” 286— Blood Spavin and Thoroughpln, 394— Bony Tu¬ mor on, 247— Bullet in Thigh, 275— Cerebro-Spinal Fever, 433— Chest¬ nut, Red or Pink, 291— Curb, Treat¬ ment of, 393-435— Deatli of Flora Temple, 113 Disease of the Stifle, 483 Effects of Old Age, 435— Experience, 94— Harnessing a Yearling, 214— Lumps on Shoul¬ der, 126— Model Carriage, *373— Navicular Disease, 94— No Cure for Spring-halt. 395— Parasitic